Some root words have become free morphemes and can be used as separate words, but others cannot. Worksheet. One of the easiest ways to enhance vocabulary is to learn it through roots, prefixes and suffixes. Once you know the specific parts of the cardiovascular and lymphatic systems a bit better, it’s time to put your medical terminology expertise into practice. Collaborate - to work together; collision - smashing together; colloquial - words formed by everday interaction: com: together, common: Latin: commemorate - to memorize together; composition - an arrangement or putting together of parts; commune - living together while owning things in common: cogn/i: know: Latin Expand your vocabulary with prefixes, suffixes, and root words! Root words (also called word roots) are smaller, more basic words or word parts that are modified by prefixes and suffixes to make more complex words. 4th grade. A word detective looks at all the clues to determine a word’s meaning. "Some root words are whole words and others are word parts. Root Word What It Means Example Aort/o Aorta Aortic Angi/o Vessel Angiogram […] Common Root Words and their Meanings. For example, “flam-” is a root word … Plus, we have a list of some common word roots that you may find useful for the GRE! Reading & Writing. A few other common root words include “bio" meaning life, “auto” meaning self, “pro” meaning before or in favor of, and “tele” meaning distance. COMMON WORD ROOTS, PREFIXES AND SUFFIXES In English grammar, many words can be broken into commonly shared components. syn + root = _____(the combining of different things or ideas) Lesson Extensions Have your students use the new vocabulary words from this activity to write a letter to Mr. Klepper telling what they think of his scheme. "Latin is the most common source of English root words; Greek and Old English are the two other major sources. There are no written records, so we can never know if word similarities happened by sheer chance or by accident. It becomes increasingly difficult to distinguish between inheritance from a common ancestor and borrowing from another group. When students know how to decode large words by identifying root words and affixes, they will be sufficiently prepared to tackle higher level texts. The table below lists 120 commonly used Greek and Latin root words, prefixes, and suffixes. Verbal Root words Arch- chief/important Archbishop - the highest ranking bishop Archenemy - chief or worst enemy - a female who rules a group - a king or queen Verbal Root words Am,ami- love amiable - friendly, pleasant, lovable amicable – characterized by friendliness amity - friendly and peaceful relations It also gives an example medical term for each. Here’s a list of cardio roots, prefixes, and suffixes. The root is the base of the word; it is the element of the word around which it develops. 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