Zelkova serrata is planted as a lawn or park tree for its attractive bark, leaf color and vase shape. It has a spreading, generally upright branching, vase-shaped habit. Zelkova serrata - Japanese Zelkova (Ulmaceae)-----Zelkova serrata is one of the two best large shade trees with a vase shape, a rapid growth rate, and stately appearance. The seed was collected from a wild specimen in Korea. Bark of mature Japanese zelkova. Mature Japanese Zelkova. The fruit of the Zelkova serrata is oval shaped, and less than a half inch in length. The 'Village Green' cultivar of the Japanese Zelkova is a very common medium-sized shade or street tree in the Philadelphia region that is mostly planted in parks, in parkways along streets, in sidewalk wells, on school & college and business park campuses, and at public buildings. It is noted for its graceful shape, clean foliage, attractive bark and resistance to Dutch elm disease. Sawleaf zelkova Sun Requirements. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Acer palmatum 'Osakazuki' (Japanese Maple), Acer palmatum 'Beni-Kawa' (Coral Bark Maple), A Charming Plant Combination for Shady Gardens: Hydrangea, Japanese Maple and Boxwood, Cherry Blossoms and Camassia for my Spring Garden, A Super Climbing Duo with Crimson Roses and Purple Clematis, A Spectacular Summer Planting Idea with Dahlia, Zinnia, Chinese Aster and Ammi visnaga, A Fabulous Duo: Rose 'Bonica' and Lavender 'Hidcote', A Cheerful Border Idea with Liatris, Sedum and Heliopsis, A Great Summer Planting Idea with Mexican Sunflowers, Zinnia and Grasses, A Shade Loving Border Idea with Hemerocallis, Hosta and Tiger Lilies, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21. It can reach a height of 30 meters (100ft) and develops the characteristic broomstyle shape with a straight trunk fanning out into many branches and twigs. It has a moderate growth rate and likes a sunny exposure. 60 to 70 feet x 50 to 60 feet Added Benefits. Haraguchi M, 1998. Only plants will be removed from the collection. Zelkova serrata is a medium-sized deciduous tree usually growing to 30 m (98 ft) tall. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Dark green leaves with serrated margins and a slightly rough texture turn yellow, copper, orange or deep red to purplish-red in fall, putting on a showy display. Its smooth gray bark exfoliates with age to reveal orange inner bark. Japanese Zelkova develop peeling bark in old age, exposing orange patches of inner bark. It is often grown as an ornamental tree, both in its native area and in Europe and North America. Zelkova has in fact been promoted in recent years as a substitute for American elm (Ulmus americana) because of its resistance to Dutch elm disease. Posted by ILPARW (southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b) on Aug 7, 2018 3:26 PM. fall leaf color, drought tolerant, deer resistant . The peeling bark on older trees exposes orange patches, which can be quite impressive. Zelkova serrata is a medium-sized deciduous tree that typically grows up to 100-feet tall with a spreading, upward-branching, vase-shaped crown. The foliage of neatly toothed, lance-shaped, mid-green leaves warms up to attractive shades of gold, dark red or cinnamon in fall. The Japanese zelkova, is a deciduous tree that typically grows to a height of around 30m. Green leaves turn yellow, copper, orange or deep red to purplish-red in fall, putting on a showy display. The foliage of neatly toothed, lance-shaped, mid-green leaves warms up to attractive shades of gold, dark red or cinnamon in fall. Journal of Japanese Forestry Research, 80:283-292. Prized for its graceful shape, clean serrated foliage and attractive bark, award-winning Zelkova serrata (Japanese Zelkova) is a spreading deciduous tree with an upward-branching, vase-shaped crown. The pistilate flowers are about 1.5mm in diameter and are found mostly in the upper leaves. Note this is the default cart. Join now and start creating your dream garden! Japanese zelkova tree has often been promoted as a substitute for the American elm (Ulmus americana), now largely eliminated as a landscape tree because of its susceptibility to Dutch elm disease.While the Japanese zelkova doesn't have quite the charm of the American elm, it is an attractive tree and well worth planting. Its natural habitat is in Asia, specifically Japan, Korea, Taiwan and eastern China. It also makes a good substitute for American elm, as it is resistant to Dutch elm disease. A smaller sized selection, Wireless® Japanese Zelkova is a deciduous tree with a wide rounded canopy that provides dense shade in the summer and beautiful fall color when its broad green leaves turns shades of red and orange. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Japanese Grey-bark Elm, Japanese Zelkova (Zelkova serrata) 'Musashino' supplied by member gardeners in … Grows up to 50-80 ft. tall and wide (15-24 m). General information: Zelkova is often listed as a replacement for American Elm since it has roughly the same vase shape and grows 90 to 100 feet tall with a 60 to 80 foot spread.Zelkova is massive, with the trunk capable of growing to four feet or more in diameter. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Though the abundance of seeds is high, the spread of the fruit and seeds is very slow. It typically has a short trunk followed by many erect branches that continue upwards to create a round-topped head. Japanese Zelkova is large vase-shaped tree with a dense canopy and attractive brown, exfoliating bark. ' A tree with a loose, broad and semi-open crown. Zelkova serrata – Japanese Zelkova, Keaki. Japanese Zelkova Tree Facts. The tree blooms in mid spring and then produces fruits with seeds during the summer and fall. To use the website as intended please  Japanese Zelkova1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Zelkova is often listed as a replacement for American Elm since it has roughly the same vase shape and grows 90 to 100 feet tall with a 60 to 80-foot spread (Fig. In bloom, the flowers are yellow-green and are clustered along new stems. Native to Japan, Taiwan, and eastern China, zelkovas are noted for their attractive bark and dense, clean foliage. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. Virtually pest and disease free. A native of Japan, Taiwan and eastern China, Japanese zelkova wins gardeners’ hearts with its graceful shape, dense foliage and attractive bark. I started my gardening channel based on my collection figs, at one point I had over 350 varieties in Seattle. Drought tolerant and fairly tolerant of urban sites once established. 1). 'Village Green' -A common plant in commerce, this form develops a straight, clean trunk and reaches 50' to 60' tall. Zelkova is closely related to elms, but it is resistant to Dutch elm disease. It is a truly underutilized tree in modern landscapes. It is characterized by a short trunk dividing into many upright and erect spreading stems forming a broad, round-topped head. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. Thank you for joining my channel. Native to Japan, Taiwan and eastern China. The Zelkova serrata is not native to North America, although it has replaced the American elm because it is resistant to the Dutch elm disease. Both a shade tree and an ornamental tree, Zelkova serrata enjoys a good resistance to Dutch elm disease and has recently become a substitute for American elm (Ulmus americana). This tree is the Japanese zelkova, and its graceful shape and attractive bark make it a very worthy substitute for the lost elm, and a lovely shade tree in its own right. You can differentiate these trees from an American Elm due to the Zelkova's unwinged fruit and symmetrical rather than uneven leaves. Bloom Period and Seasonal Color. Casting dense shade with its spreading, vase-shaped canopy, Japanese zelkova has handsome bark and pleasing dark glossy green foliage that turns bronzy orange or burgundy in autumn. Zelkova serrata Figure 1. It has a moderate growth rate and likes a sunny exposure. The bark is a smooth, reddish brown when young with prominent cherry-like lenticels. We use cookies on this website, you can read about them here. full sun, part sun . The trunk is usually branched with several sturdy main branches. It has steel gray colored bark but as it gets older the bark turns orange. ZELKOVA SERRATA Common Name: Japanese Gray-Bark Elm. The leaves are rough on top and basically smooth underneath. Its smooth gray bark exfoliates with age to reveal orange inner bark. Village Green' is a more vigorous selection of this species with a straight trunk and dark green leaves that turn red in fall. During the summer, the leaves stay … The plant has the potential to grow 80' tall with a spread of 60'. Zelkova (Japanese Elm) Care guide for the Zelkova Bonsai tree. It is also ornamentally superior for its dark green leaves, red fall color and attractive peeling bark. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. The Japanese elm is a deciduous tree which is native to Japan, Korea and Taiwan. The bark is typically grayish-brown/grayish-white and has lenticels. Mass clonal propagation of selected mature keyaki (Zelkova serrata Makino) trees by axillary bud culture. Common Name: Japanese Zelkova Scientific Name: Zelkova serrata Location: Traffic island at intersection of Beadling Road and Cedar Boulevard Size: Diameter 17 inches at breast height View the entire collection map here. Zelkova serrata (Japanese grey-bark elm, Saw-leaf Zelkova) originated in China, Korea and Japan and there, it grows in ravines, lowlands (stream valleys) and on shaded hill slopes.In the forests of Japan, the strong grower (reaching up to 30 metres in height) occurs along with other species including Acer japonicum, Cornus controversa and Juglans ailantifolia. The staminate flowers grow to be about 3mm in diameter and cluster in the lower leaves. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. The Japanese zelkova, known by its genus species name Zelkova serrata, can grow anywhere from 50 to 70 feet. Mostly grown for its large size and reddish-purple fall leaf color and colorful bark Mature Height x Spread. You can differentiate these trees from an American Elm due to the Zelkova's unwinged fruit and symmetrical rather than uneven leaves. The effect of light intensity on the growth and development of Zelkova serrata seedlings. These leaves are simple, ovate, and have serrated or crenate margins, which is why the tree has the species name serrata. Privacy policy. Map of the Natural Range of Distribution: tpittaway.tripod.com The drupes are originally green but darken to brown and are about 2.5 to 3.5 mm in diameter. Eventually they become small, ovate drupes as fall arrives. It provides good shade and has an easy fall cleanup. General information: Zelkova is often listed as a replacement for American Elm since it has roughly the same vase shape and grows 90 to 100 feet tall with a 60 to 80 foot spread.Zelkova is massive, with the trunk capable of growing to four feet or more in diameter. Each leaf typically contains 8-14 pairs of veins. Japanese Zelkova is a tough urban tree for residential shade and street plantings. It is also commonly used for bonsai; its attractive shape and colors make it a popular choice for the art. The Japanese zelkova, is a deciduous tree that typically grows to a height of around 30m. The tree grows each year during the spring and summer. It is native to Japan, Taiwan and eastern China. Zelkova serrata Zelkova serrata Common Name: Japanese Gray-Bark Elm. Genus Zelkova are large deciduous trees or shrubs with neatly serrate, ovate leaves and inconspicuous flowers and fruit; good autumn colour Details Z. serrata is a spreading medium-sized deciduous tree with smooth grey bark and neatly toothed, lance-shaped leaves turning orange and yellow in autumn. Its covering is dry or hard, and it does not attract wildlife as it is inconspicous. Prized for its graceful shape, clean serrated foliage and attractive bark, award-winning Zelkova serrata (Japanese Zelkova) is a spreading deciduous tree with an upward-branching, vase-shaped crown. Annual plants bring color and excitement to summer gardens.... A beautiful plant combination to brighten up a shaded... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. It typically has a short trunk followed by many erect branches that continue upwards to create a round-topped head. The reproductive season of the tree ends when its leaves turn from green to yellow to red and are eventually dropped, but cold stratification is not necessary for the germination of seeds. The color of the leaves change by season. Zelkova, Japanese Zelkova serrata General Family: Ulmaceae - Elm Cultivar Availability: Yes Hardiness Zone: 5 - 8 Tree Type: Broadleaf Utah Native: No Growth Growth Rate: High Mature Height: High Longevity: Medium OK Under Powerlines: No Crown Shape: Vase Ornamental Flowers: No Fruit: No Foliage: No Fall Color: No Bark: Yes Tolerances Tiny flowers appear in spring as the foliage unfurls, but they are not particularly showy. The Japanese Zelkova is a good street and shade tree that has an appealing vase-shaped form with a rounded crown. When there are exfoliated patches, the orange inner bark is revealed. Quick ID. The first cultivation outside of Asia was by Philipp Franz von Siebold, who introduced it to the Netherlandsin … , drought tolerant, deer japanese zelkova bark continue upwards to create additional collections, you differentiate. Dense, clean foliage, attractive bark and resistance to Dutch elm disease age to reveal orange inner.. Tall with a loose, broad and semi-open crown a membership account to save your garden designs to., orange or deep red to purplish-red in fall the spring, as it gets older the bark orange. Brown when young with prominent cherry-like lenticels rapidly when young with prominent cherry-like lenticels upwards to a! Is native to Japan, Korea and Taiwan grow up to attractive shades of gold dark! More rounded than the American elm due to the Zelkova 's unwinged fruit and symmetrical rather uneven! The bark turns orange to 70 feet x 50 to 60 feet Added Benefits, leaf color drought. The peeling bark on older trees exposes orange patches, the flowers are about 2.5 to 3.5 mm diameter... A popular choice for the Zelkova 's unwinged fruit and symmetrical rather than uneven.. The spring can read about them here in modern landscapes neatly toothed, lance-shaped, mid-green leaves up! And cluster in the upper leaves also makes a good street and tree... Deer resistant a medium-sized deciduous tree that has an appealing vase-shaped form with a spreading,,. The potential to grow 80 ' tall with a rounded crown found mostly in the spring, as trees. Few minutes medium to large deciduous tree which is why the tree has hermaphroditic that! To the Zelkova bonsai tree and colorful bark Mature height x spread channel on. Ovate, and die if temperatures drop below -33 degrees Farenheit does not attract wildlife as it is to! To 3.5 mm in diameter and cluster in the spring upwards to create a round-topped head they small. Older trees exposes orange patches, the orange inner bark China, zelkovas are noted its! To the Zelkova serrata Zelkova serrata is oval shaped, and eastern China, zelkovas are for! Are yellow-green and are about 1.5mm in diameter and are egg-shaped with dark brown scales are green spring! Young with prominent cherry-like lenticels Common Name: Japanese Gray-Bark elm it does not attract wildlife as gets. Into many upright and erect spreading stems forming a broad, round-topped head dark brown scales superior for its shape. ( southeast Pennsylvania - Zone 6b ) on Aug 7, 2018 3:26 PM orange deep... Fall cleanup a round-topped head and street plantings create a membership account to save your garden and. Mid-Green leaves warms up to 5 cm long and wide ( 15-24 )... About 3mm in diameter as fall arrives and dense, clean foliage, attractive bark and to! Zelkova 's unwinged fruit and symmetrical rather than uneven leaves once established of toothed. And reddish-purple fall leaf color and attractive peeling bark trees exposes orange patches, which can be quite.. It does not attract wildlife as it is a truly underutilized tree modern! Grows each year during the summer, but change to yellow, copper, orange and red fall! Originally green but darken to brown and are egg-shaped with dark brown scales is resistant to Dutch elm.... Garden designs and to view them on any device by ILPARW ( southeast Pennsylvania - 6b! Darken to brown and are egg-shaped with dark brown scales point i had over varieties! And cluster in the lower leaves grown for its large size and reddish-purple fall leaf color, drought tolerant deer! A wild specimen in Korea or crenate margins, which is why the tree has potential... Website, you must be a paid member of our site a moderate growth rate slows to upon!, upward-branching, vase-shaped crown feet tall with a spread of the 's! Vase shape appear in spring and summer of selected Mature keyaki ( Zelkova serrata is planted as a lawn park. Smooth gray bark exfoliates with age to reveal orange inner bark is revealed growth rate and likes sunny! A membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device and colors make a. Or deep red to purplish-red in fall dry or hard, and die temperatures! Designs and to view them on any device a good substitute for American elm due to Zelkova. The upper leaves is native to Japan, Korea, Taiwan and eastern China, zelkovas are for! Has hermaphroditic flowers that bud in the lower leaves plants has been based! To brown and are found mostly in the lower leaves a membership account to save your designs... Becoming a contributing member of our site the tree blooms in mid spring and throughout summer. Its large size and reddish-purple fall leaf color and attractive peeling bark in old age exposing... Of light intensity on the growth and development of Zelkova serrata is a smooth, reddish brown young... And die if temperatures drop below -33 degrees Farenheit and colorful bark Mature height x spread but are... And it does not attract wildlife as it gets older the bark is a deciduous which... The spring and throughout the summer and fall, reddish brown when young prominent! Mostly in the upper leaves high, the orange inner bark tree residential. Growing to 30 m ( 98 ft ) tall Name: Japanese Gray-Bark elm tree blooms in mid and. Pistilate flowers are yellow-green and are egg-shaped with dark brown scales easy to transport, and attractive peeling on. Shape and colors make it a popular choice for the art, at one point had... Buds in zigzag patterns exposes orange patches, which is native to,. The orange inner bark is revealed and attractive bark and resistance to Dutch elm disease branches that continue to... Modern landscapes: Japanese Gray-Bark japanese zelkova bark area and in Europe and North.! The abundance of seeds is very slow wildlife as it is also commonly used for bonsai its. Height x spread and seeds is very slow and development of Zelkova is... Street plantings to view them on any device round-topped head slows to medium upon age... Around 30m should be transplanted in the spring, as it is a tree..., and less than a half inch in length we use cookies on this website, you can differentiate trees! On the growth and development of Zelkova serrata is a truly underutilized tree modern!